Wills are generally written without any punctuation or abbreviations. There is often alternative spelling of some words and using upper case letters which do not always mean the start of a new sentence. Neither are they divided into paragraphs but are continuous lines of writing This can make documents difficult to read or understand.
This post shows the Will exactly as it was written with no attempt to break it down into paragraphs. Done in this way it shows exactly how the original document is written. As the documents are sometimes very large each line of writing in the document sometimes takes up two lines when it is transcribed in to the web site.
Mary Rebow was the daughter of Thomas Martin and wife of Isaac Martin Rebow. They had four daughters. Mary b.1773, Sarah Emma b.1776, Mary Hester b.1777 and Frances Mary b.1780
When she died in 1804 her husband had been dead for twenty years and only one of her daughters was still alive. Her daughter Mary died in 1774, Frances Mary died 1794 and Sarah Emma died 1798.
When she first wrote her will Mary Hester and Sarah Emma were both living and she went to great pains to ensure her estate was equally divived between her two daughters. But when Sarah died she added a codicil stating that her whole estate would go to Mary Hester, apart from some bequests made in the will.
Will of Mary Rebow
This is the last Will and Testament of me Mary Rebow Martin but commonly called by and generally using myself the surname of Rebow only widow and relict of Issac Martin Rebow Martin late of the park in the parish of Wivenhoe in the County of Essex Esquire deceased whereas I have Issue now living by my said late husband two children only Mary Hester Rebow and Sarah Emma Hitchens the wife of Henry John Hichens Esquire both Infants Frances Mary Rebow my only other child by my said late husband and who survived him having lately departed this Life an Infant and intestate and whereas by virtue of and under the last will and testament of my late father Thomas Martin Esquire deceased I am intitled to the Revision or Remainder in for simple Deportant? on the decease of Dorothy the wife of John Adams Esquire late Dorothy Martin and the widow and Relict of my said late father of and in sundry Estates in the County of Middlesex and whereas I am seised in free simple or for an Estate of Inheritance as of free simple in possession of two undivided third parts of land in a farm and lands part freehold and part copyhold situate lying and being in or near Greenstead within the
Liberties of the town of Colchester aforesaid lately or purchased by me and the Copyhold parts thereof surrendered to the use of my will and the other undivided third part of which said freehold and Copyhold lands and Heiedits I have upon the late Marriage of my Daughter Sarah Emma Hichen with the said Henry John Hichen conveyed and assured and covenanted and agreed to convey and assure (subject as to the whole of the said last mentioned premises as mentioned in these settlement or articles made on the said Marriage and bearing date on or about the twenty fifth day of January now last past) unto or in trust for my said Daughter Sarah Emma and the said Henry John Hichens and their children in Manner in the said Settlement mentioned And whereas I am intitled under the Settlement made upon or in consequence of my Marriage with my said late husband and bearing date on or about the twenty first day of May one thousand seven hundred and seventy three to limit and appoint directs freehold Lands and hereditaments situate lying and being in or near the several Parishes of Elmstead Great Bromley Little Bromley Wivenhoe Ardley Greenstead and Bentley in the said County of Essex to the use of all and everyorsuch one or more of my Children by my said late husband in such Shares and proportions for such Estate and Estates as I shall by Deed or will to be respectively acented and attested in Manner therein mentioned direct limit or appoint and whereas by virtue of and under a certain Indenture or deed of Assignment bearing date on or about the twenty eight day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty four I am intitled to limit and appoint two third parts of an undivided third part of and in certain Light houses at Harwich in the said County of Essex for the Residue of a Term of years now to come therein (subject as in the same Indenture mentioned) unto or In Trust for my said Children by my said late husband in such parts shares and proportions Manner and form as I shall think fit other third part of the said undivided third part of and in the said Light houses having been upon the said Marriage of my said Daughter Sarah Emma with the said Henry John Hichens by me appointed unto or for the Benefit of my said Daughter in Manner mentioned in the said Settlement or articles made on her said Marriage and whereas I am absolutely intitled as Mother of my said Daughter Frances Mary Rebow to one third part of a third part of two undivided third parts of and in the said Light houses
at Harwich for the Residue of the said term of years therein and subject as aforesaid which two third parts upon the death of the said Isaac Martin Rebow Martin intestate (as to the same) vested in his said three Children in equal shares and by the Death of the said Frances Mary Rebow intestate as aforesaid her third part or share therein vested in or became divisable equally amongst me and my said two surviving daughters And whereas I am also absolutely intitled as the widow of the said Isaac Martin Rebow Martin and as the mother of the said Frances Mary Rebow to one third part and one third of another third part of the household furniture and other effects which were the property of my said late husband at the time of his death and were then in or about his Manor called the park aforesaid and I am also absolutely intitled to sundry Jewels and other Trinkets and plate and likewise to sundry household furniture arrears of rent ready money and other personal property and whereas I have an equal affection for both my said Daughters and am desirous of putting them as nearly as may be upon an equal footing and whereas upon or previous to the marriage of my said daughter Sarah Emma with the said Henry John Hichens I did lay out and expend a considerable sum of Money in furnishing and house and providing a Carriage and other Necessaries and Conveniences for the said Henry John Hichens and my said Daughter Sarah Emma Rebow I do hereby give and devise all and singular my said Estates in the said County of Middlesex whereunto I am intitled in Reversion and Remainder as aforesaid unto and to the use of my said Daughters Mary Hester Rebow and Sarah Emma Hichens and the heirs of their Bodies respectively lawfully issuing to take as tenants in common and not as joint Tenants with ? Remainders over between my said two Daughters in Tail general in default in of Issue of either of them and I give and devise unto my said daughter Mary Hester Rebow and the heirs of her Body lawfully issuing their fourth parts of the said two undivided third parts (or one Money or full half part of the whole) of my said farm and Lands situate in or near Greenstead aforesaid and the other fourth part of the said two third parts of and in the same premises I give and devise unto and to the use of William Fraser William Lane and William Bullock Esquires the Trustees named in the said Settlement or Articles
made on the marriage of my said Daughter Sarah Emma with the said Henry John Hichens their heirs and assigns to the same or the like uses when the same or the like Trusts and for the same or the like Interests or purposes as in and by the same Settlement or Articles are limited and declared of and concerning one third part of the said Lands and Hereditaments subject to the Indemnity therein mentioned also I do hereby direct limit and appoint that from and immediately after my decease two undivided third parts the whole into three equal parts being divided of and in the several Lands and Hereditaments which I am intitled to dispose of amongst my children by my said late husband by virtue of and under the said Indenture of Settlement of the twenty first day of May one thousand seven hundred and seventy three shall go remain and be to the use of my said Daughter Mary Hester Rebow and the heirs of her Body lawfully issuing and that the remaining third part of and in the same Lands and Hereditaments shall from and after my decease go remain and be to the use of my said Daughter Sarah Emma Hitchens and the heirs of her Body lawfully issuing and in case of failure of Issue of the Body of either of my said Daughters then and in such case I hereby direct limit and appoint that the parts and shares part or share of and in the said Lands and Hereditaments hereby directed limitted and appoint to the use of such of my said Daughters whose Issue shall so fail shall go remain and be to the use of the other of my said Daughters and the heirs of her Body lawfully issuing also I give and bequeath limit and appoint three fourth parts of the said two third parts of an undivided third part of and in the said Light houses at Harwich which I am intitled to limit and appoint as aforesaid and of all my Estate and Interest thereinunto my said Daughter Mary Hester Rebow her Executors administrators and assigns and the other fourth part of the said two third parts of an undivided third part of and in the said Light houses and of all my Estate and Interest therein I give and bequeath limit and appoint unto the said William Fraser William Lane and William Bullock there Executors Administrators and assigns upon the same or the like Trusts and for the same or the like Ends Intents and purposes for the Benefit of my said Daughter Sarah Emma Hitchens and the said Henry John Hitchens and their children as
in and by the before mentioned Settlement or Articles and a certain Indenture of Assignment bearing date the fourteenth Day of February now last past and made or expressed to be made between the said Henry John Hitchens and the said Sarah Emma his wife of the first part of the second part and the said William Fraser William Lane and William Bullock of the third part are expressed and declared of and concerning the other one third part of the said undivided third part of and in the said Light houses And I give and bequeath one Moiety or half part of the said one third of a third part of two undivided third parts of and in the said Light houses for the residue of the said term of years therein which came to me as the Mother of the said Frances Mary Rebow upon her death intestate unto my said Daughter Mary Hester Rebow her Executors administrators and assigns and the other Moiety thereof I give and bequeath to the said William Fraser William Lane and William Bullock upon the same or the like Trusts and to and for the same ends Intents and purposes as are herein before last mentioned or referred unto of and concerning the other share or Interest in the said Light houses herein before given and bequeathed limited or appointed unto the said William Fraser William Lane and William Bullock and whereas I have given to my said Daughter Sarah Emma Hitchens upon her said Marriage and third part of my lands Now give the other three Park parts of my remaining land to my Daughter Mary Hester Rebow and the other fourth part thereof to my Daughter Sarah Emma Hitchens and I give all my wearing apparel and other ornaments of my person and also all my plate unto and to be equally divided between my said Daughters but in making such division I direct that regard shall be had to such part of my said plate as I may have given in my Life Time to my said Daughter Sarah Emma Hitchens and that the same shall be considered as part of her share Also I give and bequeath the sum of one thousand pounds of lawful Money of Great Britain unto my Brother in Law the said William Fraser and my friend the said William Bullock upon Trust that they shall place out the same upon real Government security in their Money and pay the Interest and dividends thereof to my said sister Sarah the wife of the said William
Fraser for her Life for her seperate use and upon the death of the said Sarah Fraser shall pay or transfer the principal or Capital of the said one thousand pounds and the stocks funds and Securities thereon the same shall be placed out unto my Niece Elizabeth Fraser and Daughter of the said William Fraser and Sarah his wife her Executors Administrators or Assigns to and for her or their own use and Benefit and I declare that my said Trustees or the survivor of them may from time to time alter the Security for the said one thousand pounds as they shall see fit with the consent of my said Sister so as the same be always placed out on real Government Security And I do hereby subject and charge all my real and personal Estate whatsoever with the payment of the said one thousand pounds and do direct that the same shall be raised and paid by and out of my said personal Estate if sufficent for that purpose and if not then the Deficency to be made up by and out of my real Estate within six months next after my Decease and I give and bequeath all my household furniture ready money and arrears of rents and profits which shall be due and owing to me at the time of my death and all my personal Estates what so ever and wheresoever not herein before disposed of and subject as aforesaid unto and to be equally divided between my said two Daughters Share and Share alike provided always and I do hereby declare that the several Devises and Bequests herein before by me made unto or for the Benefit of my said Daughter Mary Hester Rebow are so by me made expressly upon condition that she my said Daughter shall within one month next after she shall attain the age of twenty one years make and execute unto me my Executors and Admins a similar Release and Discharge as hath been already made and executed to me by the said Henry John Hitchens bearing date on or about the said fourteenth day of February now last past And in case my said Daughter Mary Hester Rebow shall refuse or neglect to make and execute such Release and Discharge within one Month next after she shall have attained her said age of twenty one years upon being requested by me my Executors or Admins so to do then and in such case I do hereby expressly revoke and make vow all and singular the Devises and Bequests herein before by me made unto or for the Benefit of her my said Daughter and I nominate and Appoint my said Brother in Law William Fraser and my
said friend William Bullock to be Executors of this my last will and testement and I do hereby declare that my said Executors and Trustees either of them their or other of their Executors or Administrators shall not be chargeable with or accountable for more of the said Trust Monies and premises than they or he shall actually receive or shall come to their or his hands respectively by virtue of this my will nor with or for any loss which shall happen of the said Trust Monies and premises or any part theresof so as such loss happen without their wilful Default nor the one of them for the other or othersof them or for the acts goods Receipts Defaults or Imbursments of the others or other of them and also that it shall and may be lawful for my said Executors and Trustees and each of them their and each of their Executors Administrators in the first place by and out of the premises respectively to deduct and reimburse to themselves respectively all such loss costs charges and Expenses as they shall respectively sustain or be put unto for or by reason of the performance or Execution of this my will or the trust hereby in them reposed or any other thing in any wise relating thereunto and lastly I do hereby revoke and make vow all former and other wills by me at any time heretofore made and do declare this only to be my last will and Testement In witness whereof the said Mary Rebow Martin have to two parts of this my last will and Testement each part contained in six sheets of paper to the five first sheets of each part subscribed my Name and to the last Sheet of each part subscribed my Name and affix my Seal this ninth day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety four/Mary Rebow Martin The paper writing contained in this and the five preceding Sheets was named sealed published and declared by the said Mary Rebow Martin the Testate as and for her last will and Testement in the presence of us who in her presence and at her Request have subscribed our Names as witness thereto Js. S. Clamtree Edwd Horne Ino Melton ens to Miss Bullock Arnold E payne As it has pleased the Almighty to take from me my beloved daughter Sarah Emma Hitchens the late wife of Henry John Hitchens Esquire and having now no other child living by my late husband Isaac Martin Rebow Martin Esquire but Mary Hester Rebow the wife of Francis Slater Rebow
Esquire I hereby revoke all Divison of my property and give the whole of my plate Linen Jewels furniture Estates and Effects both real and personal to my dearly beloved and only child the said Mary Hester Rebow wife of Francis Slater Rebow Esquire for her seperate use and to her heirs and assigns for ever only requesting the said Mary Hester Rebow to pay the Sum of five hundred pounds as soon as convenient and till then the Interest if the said five hundred pounds at five per cent yearly to my sister Sarah Fraser the wife of William Fraser Esquire of Menon N Bn for her separate use and in case of her Decease to my Niece Elizabeth Fraser the Daughter of my said Sister Sarah Fraser the wife of Willm Fraser Esquire of Memon N Bn In witness whereof I hereby subscribe my Manor and affix my seal this 23d Day of July 1798 Mary Rebow Martin In the presence of us Eliz Dyer Mary H Adams witness to the above Ladies Sig R Chandler
On the seventh day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and five Administrate with the will and codicil Anuitted Of the goods chattels and Credits of Mary Rebow Martin commonly called Mary Rebow formerly of the park in the parish of wivenhoe in the County of Essex but late of Kings Street Gloucester Place in the parish of Saint Mary in the County of Middlesex widow deceased was granted to Mary Hester (Martin)Rebow wife of Francis Slater Rebow Esquire the daughter only child of the said deceased and the Residuary Legatee named in the said codicil she having been first sworn only to administer William Fraser and William Bullock the Executors named in the said will having first renamed the Execution thereof