Deeds Relating to 82 High Street

Summary of documents and deeds from 1860 -1968

Added by Pat Marsden

Plan of 82 High Street in 1896 (marked in red)
Added by Pat Marsden


1) 22 December 1876 Citing the Admission of Edmund Round Esq of the Inner Temple, Barrister by the Manor of Wivenhoe with its members

The earliest reference in this document is to the 28th day of April 1860 when the property appeared to be in the hands of George Miles Rayner of Wivenhoe, Master Mariner, and occupied at various times by his tenants, John Newton and Benjamin Chapman, then William Moulton and Benjamin Powell and later by William Whitley Cole and [blank] Sainty. 

The property was then described as two messages or tenements (formerly one messuage) in Wivenhoe having a frontage next to the road of thirty feet, together with the yard and garden behind of the width of twenty six feet situated on the East side of the road leading from Wivenhoe Hall towards the Church and extending from the said road back to the Shrubbery and ground late of William Brummell Esquire. There is also a reference to the appurtenances to the said messuage and tenements belonging or appertaining to the only use of John Stuck Barnes of Colchester in Essex, gentleman, in Trust.

However the Conditional Surrender (see Footnote) by the Lord of the Manor to George Miles Rayner was made void  after his failure to make payments relating to a loan of £150 made by the trustees of the Colchester Permanent Benefit Building Society (cited as Stephen Brown, Edward Williams, Robert Adams Newman and Jeremiah Haddock).

The property was therefore put up for sale by private auction by the Trustees on 30th June 1876 and purchased for the same sum of £150 by Edmund Round

This seems to have been followed by a delay of some months because although Edmund Round is recorded as purchasing the property on 30th June 1876 it appears that in order to enable the Trustees to carry out the said sale, John Stuck Barnes was on the 12th December 1876 out of Court admitted as tenant of the forfeited Conditional Surrender and then nine days later on the 21st December 1876 surrendered the property back to Sayers Turner the Steward of the Manor. One day later on 22nd December 1876 it was finally surrendered to Edmund Round. 

2) 3rd January 1877 Deed of Enfranchisement by N C Corsellis Esquire on behalf of the Manor of Wivenhoe to Edmund Round Esquire 

Enrolled in the Court Books of the above Manor 4th January 1877 by Sayers Turner, Steward.

This Indenture records the payment of £43. 12s and 6d by Edmund Round (described as a tenant of the Manor) to Nicholas Caesar Corsellis, Lord of the Manor, which enfranchised and released the property to Edmund Round according to the Copyhold Act of 1852  (see Footnote).

3) 24th May 1877 Conveyance in Fee of a piece of Freehold ground situate in the parish of Wivenhoe Essex from Edmund Round Esquire to Mr William C Harlow 

This Indenture records the sale of the property to William Charles Harlow for the sum of £114 in fee simple. It also refers to the fact that the existing messages or tenements earlier described had lately been pulled down.

4) 11th March 1893 Conveyance of a messuage land and premises situate at Wivenhoe Essex Mr W H Harlow to Mr W Traylor 

This Indenture records the sale of the property of William Henry Harlow of Wivenhoe in the County of Essex Mariner to William Traylor of the same place Master Mariner for £425. William Henry Harlow was the eldest son and heir of William Charles Harlow who died on 18th December 1890.

It refers to the new messuage or tenement erected by the said William Charles Harlow on the piece or parcel of land hereinbefore described and states that this is now in the occupation of Sarah Ann Harlow his Widow

5) 1941 Abstract of the Title of the Trustees of the Will of William Trayler deceased to a freehold messuage and premises situate in High Street, Wivenhoe, Essex

This Abstract summarises all the previous sales and proceedings to date up to 1941

a) 11 March 1893

The Conveyance between William Henry Harlow of Wivenhoe, Mariner and William Traylor (later referred to as an incorrect spelling), Master Mariner following the death of William Charles Harlow. [A pencilled note in the margin indicates that Sarah Ann Harlow widow of William Charles Harlow died 8 July 1893. A second pencilled note referring to the marriage of ? Mitchell to Harlow’s grandaughter]

b) 12th August 1905

By his will of this date William Traylor, after directing payment of his debts and funeral and testamentary expenses, appointed his brother Joseph Traylor (sic) and Thomas William Goodman, Executors and Trustees. He bequeathed unto the Trustees ‘All his real and personal estate Upon Trust to sell and convert’ amplified in an additional handwritten note which stated ‘such parts of his real and personal estate as might not consist of money and with and out of the proceeds to arise from such sale etc to pay to his wife the sum of £300 as therein mentioned and to to pay his debts etc and to invest the residue upon any authorised Trust Investment and to pay the income thereof to his wife for her life as long as she remained a Widow And after the death of his wife to divide his Trust Estate between all his children who should be living his decease in equal shares power of postponement of Sale of his house’

c) 28th September 1910 

William Traylor died

d) 2nd May 1911

Will of William Traylor proved in the District Probate Register at Ipswich by Joseph Traylor and Thomas William Goodwin (in the Will written “Goodman”)

e) 7th January 1916

Deed of Appointment of New Trustee made between said Thomas William Goodwin of Wivenhoe Essex Postmaster and Gerald William Trayler of Wivenhoe, Marine Engineer reciting the Will, Death and Probate of William Trayler deceased

Following Joseph Trayler’s death on 12th November 1915 Thomas Goodwin wished to appoint Gerald William Trayler as Trustee in his place both for the property in question described in the First Schedule and the Stocks and securities described in the second Schedule. G W Trayler thereby consented to be a Trustee accordingly. It was declared by the said T W Goodwin that the estate and interest then vested in him in the freehold hereditaments described in the First Schedule and in all other (if any) the freehold or leasehold hereditaments then subject to trusts of said Will should vest in said T W Goodwin and G W Trayler upon the trust and with and subject to powers and provisions of said Will. It was also declared that Stocks and securities described in the 2nd Schedule when transferred should be held by T W Goodwin and G W Trayler as joint tenants upon trusts of Will

The First Schedule referred to

(Inter Alia)

  1. A freehold messuage or tenement situate in High Street Wivenhoe as formerly occupied by the deceased and then by his Widow

The Second Schedule referred to

Investments not the subject of this Abstract

Executed by the said T W Goodwin and G W Trayler and attested

f) 1st September 1930

Deed of Appointment of this date made between Gerald William Trayler of 108 Newlands Avenue, Shirley, Southampton Marine Engineer of the first part Thomas William Goodwin of Wivenhoe, Postmaster of the second part and Clifford Trayler of ‘Semiramis’, Ipswich Road, Colchester, Engineer, of the third part. T G Goodwin desired to be discharged from the trusts of the Will of the said William Trayler and Clifford Trayler was appointed in his place.

g) 26th September 1941

Conveyance of a messuage and premises situate in High Street, Wivenhoe in the County of Essex between Gerald William Trayler of 108 Newlands Avenue, Southampton, Hants, Marine Engineer and Clifford Trayler of “Semiramis”, 319 Ipswich Road, Colchester, Essex (Trustees of the will of William Trayler deceased) to Mr Arthur John Thomas Atkinson of East Street, Wivenhoe, Butcher, for the sum of £430. 


Supplementary Abstract of the Title of Mr Arthur John Thomas Atkinson to No 28 High Street, Wivenhoe, in the County of Essex 

11 November 1955

Conveyance of “Denhurst”, 28 High Street, Wivenhoe in the County of Essex between Arthur John Thomas Atkinson (Retired Butcher) of Worby Dene, The Avenue, Wivenhoe to Beatrice Mary Cook of 79 Winncok (sic) [Winnock] Rd, Colchester, Essex for the sum of One thousand and fifty pounds


Abstract of the Title of Mrs Beatrice Mary Cook to “Denhurst”, 28 High Street, Wivenhoe in the County of Essex noting at the end a certificate of value of £3,000

17 July 1961

Conveyance of freehold property known as No 28 High Street, Wivenhoe in the County of Essex between Beatrice Mary Cook, wife of Lewis Cook formerly of 79 Winnock Rd, Colchester but now of “Denhurst”, 28 High Street, Wivenhoe and Frederick Stanley Goodall of Messines Rd, Colchester in the County of Essex at the price of Two thousand six hundred pounds

26th July 1964

Conveyance of the Freehold Property known as “Trisenbu”, No 28 High Street Wivenhoe in the County of Essex between Frederick Stanley Goodall of 28 Hamlet Rd, Haverhill, Suffolk, Publican and Noel Iveagh Carter of Hall Farm Bungalow, Moveron’s Lane, Brightlingsea, Essex and Freda June Carter, his wife at the price of Three thousand eight hundred and fifty pounds

12th August 1968

Conveyance between Noel Iveagh Carter of 82 High Street, Wivenhoe in the County of Essex and David Lockwood and Leonora Lockwood, 186 Huntingdon Rd, Cambridge at the price of Five thousand seven hundred and fifty pounds


Copyhold was the ancient form of manorial tenure where property was held either directly from a lord of the manor or from one of his tenants. Copyhold land transfer was recorded in the manor court rolls and a copy serving as his title deed given to the purchaser, hence the term copyhold. To transfer property it was first surrendered to the lord who then admitted the new tenant, upon payment of a fee, termed a fine.

Copyhold land could be converted into freehold land by the Lord of the Manor. This was done either by including an enfranchisement clause into a deed of conveyance, or by a separate deed of enfranchisement.

Enfranchisement transferred the land from the Lord of the Manor to the new owner. The new owner paid a consideration (fee) for the transaction.

Many enfranchisements date from the mid-nineteenth century onwards, as the Copyhold Act of 1852 allowed tenants to demand enfranchisement. The Act stated that if the fee simple of the land was conveyed to the tenant, then the copyhold nature of the land was permanently extinguished giving the tenant a permanent and absolute tenure in the land with freedom to dispose of it at will.

This page was added on 14/11/2018.

Comments about this page

  • Just a bit of extra information.
    When William Charles Harlow bought the freehold ground in 1877 he was Master of the 90 ton steam yacht Medora with William Traylor as his Mate. She was on the stocks when the earthquake hit Wivenhoe in 1884 and although she shifted she was undamaged. Like his brother Henry, Master of the Rosabelle, William Charles became very involved in local life. He is buried in the old cemetery in plot D-2-38.

    The second pencilled note referred to on the 1893 abstract summary above relates to Lily Varuna Harlow, the daughter of William Henry Harlow who died in 1910. She was his heir as William’s only son died at the age of two in 1899. Lily was named for the ill fated steam yacht Varuna. She married first in 1928 (Leonard Ellis) but her husband died 3 years later. She married Robert J Mitchell in 1933.

    By Mary Norris (28/06/2021)
  • Thank you for that additional information!

    By Pat Marsden (05/07/2021)

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