July 30 State of war declared in Germany, Territorials called out.
Aug 1 London Stock Exchange closed.
Aug 4. Great Britain declared war on Germany in consequence of her violation of the treaty of neutrality with Belgium.
Aug 5. National Reserves called up. House of Commons passed the Aliens Restriction Act. No alien could enter or leave Britain except through an approved port. All remaining Germans and Austrians over 16 had to register themselves, by 17 and 24 August respectively, at their nearest registration office, usually their local police station. The German mine-layer Koenigen Luise sunk by the Amphion, which was herself sunk shortly after by mines, with loss of 131 lives. Fierce fighting at Liege with heavy German losses.
Aug 6. Parliament vote credit for £100,000,000. Army increase authorised of 500,000 men and naval increase of 67,000. The Goeben and Breslau escaped from Messina Straits.
Aug 8. First French victories in Alsace. Mulhausen and Altkirch taken. Togoland seized by British. Further German losses in Belgium. Defence of the Realm Act passed by Parliament – at a later date an amendment was passed that “pigeon fanciers now required a permit to keep their birds.”
Aug 10. Suffragettes released. Parliament adjourned for a fortnight. Liege occupied by Germans, but forts still intact. Colmar in Alsace occupied by the French. France declared war on Austria.
King George V. telegraphed congratulations to Belgium.
Aug 11. The Goeben and Breslau located in the Dardenelles. Mulhausen evacuated by the French.
Aug 12. The Goeben and Breslau bought by Turkey. England declared war with Austria.
Aug 13. Fighting reported near Brussels.
Aug 15. Germans driven from Dinant. French successes in Lorraine. Proclamation of the Czar offering autonomy to the Poles.
Aug 17. French successes in Alsace. Austrian cruiser sunk by the French. Belgian Government retired to Antwerp.
Aug 18. News came that the English troops were in France without mishap. Messages to the troops from the King and from Lord Kitchener.
Aug 19. Renewed rumours of the wounding of the German Crown Prince.
Aug 20. Order banned German-language publications that did not have the Home Secretary’s permission.
Aug 21. Brussels surrendered to the Germans. French in Alsace, and Mulhausen retaken. French reverses in Lorraine.
Aug 21. Great Servian victory over the Austrians. Namur invested.
Aug 22. Fine of £8,000,000 imposed on Brussels.
Aug 23. Announcement of great Russian victory in Prussia with rout of three German Army Corps. Japan declared war on Germany.
Aug 24. Fall of Namur. General German advance in Belgium. First news of British casualties (at Mons). Reported bombardment of Tsing-tao by Japanese.
Aug 26. Louvain in Belgium “barbarously destroyed by fire by German troops.”
Aug 27. Announcement of landing of British Marines in Ostend and of the sinking of the German armed merchantman Wilhelm der Grösse by H.M.S. Highflyer off West African coast. Russians occupied Tilsit.
Aug 28. Germans withdrew 40,000 troops from western frontier to meet the Russian forces advancing in Prussia. Investment of Königsberg by Russians. Naval battle off Heligoland. Great British
victory. Five German ships destroyed and many injured.
Aug 29. Name of St. Petersburg changed to Petrograd.
Aug 31. Russian reverse in East Prussia.
Sep 1. Austrian army disaster. Rout of 200,000 by the Russians. British 19th Lancers captured 10 guns near Compiegne.
Sep 2. Lemberg, an important Austrian city, evacuated.
Sep 3. French Government removed to Bordeaux.
Sep 4. German reverse in Belgium through opening the dykes near Antwerp.. Their losses were about 5,000.
Sep 5. British, French and Russian Governments signed mutual declaration not to conclude peace separately. The cruiser Pathfinder destroyed by German submarines, also the Wilson liner Runo by mines. German squadron sunk 15 fishing boats in North Sea.
Sep 6. British losses to date estimated at 15,000 German losses believed to be enormously greater.
Sep 9. Order placed restrictions on the possession of communication equipment. News of a general German retreat in France with enormous losses. Further trawler mine disasters in North Sea.
Announcement in Parliament of 70,000 troops from India and also rich gifts and an immense display of loyalty in India generally. Armed cruiser Oceanic wrecked on Scottish coast. Officers and crew saved. Sweeping successes of Russians in Austria and Poland.
Sep 10. Mr. Asquith appealed for another 500,000 men. German cruiser Emden captured six British ships in the Bay of Bengal, sinking five.
Sep 13. Precipitate flight of Germans and re-occupation of many towns by the French.
Sep 14. The Aisne crossed by the British and French. British auxiliary cruiser Carmania sank a German armed merchant cruiser off the east coast of South America. British gunboat Pegasus disabled in Zanzibar Harbour by German Cruiser Königsberg. Crown Prince’s army driven back.
Sep 15. German light cruiser sunk by British submarine in North Sea. Allies occupy Reims.
Sep 19. Reims bombarded by the Germans, and the Cathedral seriously damaged by shell fire. Australian submarine A E 1 reported lost.
Sep 22. British cruisers Aboukir, Hague, and Cressy sunk by German submarines in North Sea. Fortress of Jaroslav, in Austria, taken by Russians. Last of the German wireless stations in the Pacific captured on the island of Nauru.
Sep 22. British aeroplane raids on Düsseldorf and Cologne. Zeppelin shed destroyed. A German cruiser and two torpedo boats sunk in the Baltic by the Russian Fleet.
Sep 24. German cruiser Emden attempted to bombard Madras.
Sep 29. Admiralty announces sinking of four British ships and capture of a collier by the Emden.
Sep 30. Admiralty announces the capture of nine German merchant vessels and a German gunboat off Cameroon River in West Africa. German artillery attack on Antwerp commenced.
Oct 2. Great Russian successes announced on the banks of the Niemen. German losses computed at 70,000.
Oct 3. Admiralty announced a mine laying field in North Sea, in consequence of the German submarine activity. List published of 224 vessels captured or detained by British navy to date and 99 ships whose cargoes have been detained.
Oct 6. Submarine E9 sunk a German torpedo boat destroyer off the Ems River. Belgian Government removed to Ostend.
Oct 7. Bombardment of Antwerp.
Oct 8. Order forbade aliens from changing their names, again, unless they had Reginald McKenna’s (Home Secretatary) consent.
0ct 10. Death of King Carol of Roumania.
Oct 12. Proclamation of martial law in South Africa in consequence of the treachery of Colonel Maritz and his commando (Boers) in the north-west of Cape Province.
Oct 13. Germans occupied Ghent in Belgium and Lille in France. Ostend evacuated and Belgian Government withdrew to Havre.
Oct 14. Anglo-French forces occupied Ypres in Belgium.
Oct 15. Germans evacuated left bank of Lys. The Emden’s colliers sunk. German occupation of Bruges. Canadian troops arrive at Plymouth.
Oct 16. British Cruiser Hawke torpedoed in North Sea with loss of 352 out of 500 lives.
Oct 17. Four German destroyers sunk off Dutch coast by the British cruiser Undaunted and four British destroyers. Armentières retaken by the Allies. Japanese cruiser sunk by a mine.
Oct 20. Japanese occupied the Marianne and Marshall Islands, and the East and West Caroline Archipelagos. Czar issued proclamation prohibiting for ever the Government sale of alcohol [subsequently reported this only applied to vodka] in Russia.
Oct 21. German rout in Poland. British warships successfully bombarded German troops on Belgian coast. Five British ships sunk by the Emden.
Oct 22. Austrian monitor sunk by a mine on the Danube. .
Oct 24. German submarine sunk by the British destroyer Badger. Importation of sugar temporarily prohibited by the British government. Germans invaded Portuguese West Africa. Maritz who was wounded fled into German territory.
Oct 26. French refugee ship sunk by a mine off the French coast. Maritz rebellion completely defeated in South Africa.
Oct 28. General Botha routed Bayers’s revolutionaries. Russians again defeated Germans south of the Pilica.
Oct 31. British cruiser Hermes sunk by German submarine in the Straits of Dover.
Nov 1.The Good Hope sunk in an engagement in the South Pacific. The Monmouth took fire and the Glasgow was damaged.
Nov 2. British reverse in East Africa, 795 casualties.
Nov 3. Hostile squadrons attacked British gunboat off the Norfolk coast. Submarine D 9. sunk by a mine thrown out by German vessels in retreating boat off the Norfolk coast mine. Bombardment of Dardenelles forts by British and French fleets.
Nov 6. Decisive defeat of Austrians in Gallicia. News received of the surrender of Tsing-Tau by the Germans.
Nov 9. German cruiser Emden driven ashore and burned at Keeling Cocos Islands. German cruiser Königsberg was discovered hiding in a river in German East Africa, and was blocked there.
Nov 10. The German spy Carl Hans Lody shot, at the Tower.
Nov 11. Germans occupied Dixmude. British gunboat Niger torpedoed in the Downs.
Nov 14. Lord Roberts spied in France, whither he had gone to greet the Indian troops.
Nov 16. Prince of Wales arrived in France on his way to the front.
Nov 21. Successful raid by British airmen at Friedrichshafen, where serious damage was done to the German Zeppelin factory.
Nov 22. German destroyer S 124 sunk in collision with a Danish steamer in the Gresund.
Nov 23. German submarine U18 rammed on northern coast of Scotland. Bombardment of Zeebrugge by British warships and complete destruction of German naval base there. Capture of Basrah in Persian Gulf by British.
Nov 24. Portugal joined the Allies and decided to intervene in the war when expedient.
Nov 26. H.M.S. Bulwark blown up in Scheere, a Harbour. Only 12 lives saved.
Dec. 2. Capture of DeWet.
Dec. 4. Bombs dropped on aeroplane sheds at Freiburg by French airmen.
Dec. 5. Return of the King to England after visiting the Army in Flanders.
Dec. 6. Capture of Lodz in Poland by the Germans after it had been evacuated by the Russians for strategic purposes.
Dec 7. Paris Bourse re-opens…
Dec 8. Three German cruisers, the Scharnhorst, Gneiseman, and Leipzig, sunk by British squadron near the Falkland Islands.
Dec 13.Turkish battleship Messudiyceh torpedoed and sunk by British submarine B11 in the Dardenelles.
Dec 16. Bombardment of Scarborough, Whitby and Hartlepool by German warships, with considerable damage to property and some loss of life.
Dec 19. Capture of Conroy, the last of the South African rebel leaders.
Dec 24. Attempted air raid on Dover, where a bomb was dropped by a German aviator without any damage being done. Successful air raid on air sheds at Brussels by Commander Davies, R.N.
Dec 25. German aeroplane over Sheerness. It was driven off by three British machines, and dropped no bombs. Sea and air attack by British off Heligoland on German aviation sheds were bombarded.
Dec 30. Dunkirk bombarded by German airships with loss of life and considerable injury to property.
Jan 1. H.M.S. Formidable sunk in Bristol Channel with loss of nearly 700 lives.
Jan 4. London Stock Exchange reopened.
Jan 5. Turks routed by Russians in the Caucasus = a whole army corps captured.
Jan 10. German air raid on Dunkirk.
Jan 14. British occupied Swakopmund, the principal port of German South West Africa.
Jan 16. Russian victory over Turks in Caucasus – 11th Turkish Army exterminated, making the third Army Corps practically destroyed within about a fortnight.
Jan 19. Air raid by Zeppelins at Yarmouth, Sheringham, and Sandringham, with loss of life and damage to property.
Jan 22. Air bombardment of Dunkirk by German aviators, 13 civilians being killed. British machine brought down one of the aeroplanes and captured crew. Another machine destroyed by shell fire and occupants killed. British aeroplanes dropped 27 bombs at Zeebrugge on two submarines and the Germans, damaging one submarine and causing many casualties amongst the guns’ crews.
Jan 24. Allies’ airmen dropped bombs on canal docks at Bruges. British Naval victory in North Sea – German cruiser Blucher sunk and two other German battle cruisers seriously damaged. British casualties slight.
Jan 29. German torpedo boat sunk in Baltic by Russian submarine.
Jan 30. Five British merchantmen torpedoed by German submarines, in two cases without any attempt to save crews, who were, however, rescued by French torpedo boats.
Jan 30. Tabriz (Persia) occupied by the Russians.
Jan 31. The Dacia sailed from Galveston (U.S.A.) for Rotterdam with cotton cargo as a test case for other German steamers sheltering in United States.
Feb 1. New bread regulations initiated in Germany, the weekly purchases per head being limited to a kilogramme (rather over 4 lb.) [actually rather over 2 lbs.].
Feb 11. Great air raid by 34 British aeroplanes at Zeebrugge and Ostend. Strategic retreat of Russians from East Prussia in face of German reinforcements to the extent of four army corps.
Feb 16. Further air raid by British and French aviators on the Belgian coast. Forty aircraft were engaged, and considerable damage was done.
Feb.18. Two German airships destroyed one of which took part in the raid on British East Coast.
Feb 19. Bombardment of Dardanelles forts by Allied Fleets.
Feb 20. Two British steamers sunk by German submarines in Irish Sea.
Feb 21. Air raid in Essex. Bombs dropped at Colchester, Braintree and Coggeshall. No loss of life, but some damage done to a house in Butt Road.
Feb 27. Dacia, with cotton cargo from America, captured by French cruiser in the Channel and taken to Brest.
Mar 7. Air raid on the submarine repair base at Ostend by six British aeroplanes.
Mar 10. German submarine U12 rammed and sunk by the British destroyer Ariel. Important British successes in La Bassée, the village of Neuve Chapelle being carried with heavy losses to the enemy.
Mar 14. German cruiser Dresden caught and sunk near Juan Fernandez Island. Her crew were taken prisoners.
Mar 18. British battleships Irresistible and Ocean and French ship Bouvet sunk by drifting mines in the Dardenelles. Memel in East Prussia occupied by Russians.
Mar 20. German aviator dropped bombs off Deal, which fell harmlessly into the sea.
Mar 21. Zeppelin attacks on Paris and Calais, with very little damage done.
Mar 22 Premysl surrendered to the Russians after long siege.
Mar 22. Rout of a party of 1,000 Turks who attempted a raid at Suez.
Mar 24. Successful raid on Hoboken near Antwerp, the German submarine works being set on fire and two submarines injured.
Mar 25. Admiralty announces the sinking of the German submarine U29 and all hands.
Mar 25. Important French success in Alsace, the summit of Hartmannsweilerkopf being regained.
Mar 27. British ship the Vosges sunk by shell fire from German submarine in the Channel. Crew rescued by British patrol boat.
Mar 27. British steamship Aquila torpedoed with considerable loss of life, German submarine firing at the crew as they struggled for life in the water.
Mar 28. British liner Falaba torpedoed in St. George’s Channel with heavy loss of life, crew of the German submarine jeering at the drowning men.
Apr 3. Union forces captured Warmbad, southern capital of German S.W.Africa.
Apr 6. Committee appointed to arrange for efficient supply of munitions of war, with Mr. George M. Booth as their business man. H.M. the King established total abstinence from alcohol in the Royal residences.
Apr 7. Cruiser Prinz Eitel Friedrich interned at Norfolk Roads.
Apr 11. Recapture of two escaped German prisoners from Denbigh camp. Kronprinz Wilhelm (last of the Atlantic raiders) put in at Hampton Roads damaged and short of provisions and coal.
Apr 14. Attempted Zeppelin raid on Northumberland. Bombs dropped at Blyth and other Tyneside towns.
Apr 15. Air raid on Essex and Suffolk. Bombs dropped at Maldon, Lowestoft and Southwold. The same afternoon bombs were dropped in Kent without any damage.
Apr 17. British transport Manitor attacked by Turkish torpedo boat in Aegean Sea, which was run aground at Chios, and the crew made prisoner. 51 of our men were drowned by the capsizing of small boats.
British submarine lost in the Dardenelles. The officers and men taken prisoner.
Apr 19. British successes near Ypres; Hill 60 south of Zillebeke captured with heavy enemy losses.
Apr 22. Germans commenced a desperate advance in Flanders and captured four guns from the Canadians, who afterwards gallantly recovered them and took some German prisoners. The German advance was made possible by the use of asphyxiating sulphur dioxide fumes.
Apr 25. Large British forces landed in the Gallipoli Peninsular to co-operate with the Fleets in the attack on the Dardenelles.
Apr 27. French cruiser Leon Gambetta torpedoed in Adriatic with loss of nearly 600 lives.
Apr 30. Air raid over Ipswich district.
May 1. Two German torpedo boats sank in the North Sea with the flak of H.M. destroyer Recruit.
May 6. Austria’s final terms to Italy presented..
May 7. British destroyer Maori mined and sank off Belgian coast, rescuers being fired on and made prisoner. The Lusitania torpedoed off Queenstown under circumstances of unexampled horror, and with the loss of nearly 1,500 lives.
May 8. Agreement reached with China in regard to the demands made by Japan.
May 10. Air raid at Southend and Canvey Island, one woman killed.
May 13. British battleship Goliath torpedoed in Dardenelles with loss of about 500 lives. British submarine E14 sank two Turkish gunboats and a large Turkish transport.
May 18. Resignation of Lord Fisher, First Sea Lord. Lord Kitchener announced intention of Allies to use gases in warfare. He also appealed for 300,000 more recruits.
May 20. Meeting of Italian Chamber and decision in favour of intervention against Germany and Austria.
May 22. Disastrous troop train collision near Gretna, Carlisle, in which many soldiers’ lives were lost.
May 23. Italy declared war on Austria.
May 26. Names announced of new Coalition Cabinet, consisting of twelve Liberals and eight Unionists, with Lord Kitchener and one Labour representative. Mr. Asquith, Prime Minster; Mr. Balfour, First Lord of the Admiralty; Mr.Lloyd George, Minister of Munitions; and Mr. McKenna, Chancellor of the Exchequer.
May 26. H.M.S. Triumph blown up by submarine off Gallipoli.
May 27. Zeppelin again visited Southend, dropping bombs, which killed two women and seriously injured a child.
May 31. Night air-raid on London, 90 bombs dropped, killing two children, a man, and a woman, and injuring other people. Private property damaged by fire and explosion. British casualties to this date 298,069.
June 3. Przemysl recaptured by the Austrians.
June 6. Air raid on east coast. – 5 killed and 49 injured.
June 7. Zeppelin destroyed by British airmen in Belgium, 28 of the crew being killed. Airship shed destroyed by another British airman near Brussels.
June 12. Souchez railway station captured by the French.
June 15. Air raid on north-east coast – 16 killed and 40 injured. Karlsruhe raided by French aviators 130 bombs being dropped.
June 22. General de Wet sentenced for (eight counts of) treason to six years’ imprisonment and a fine of £2,000.
June 22. Lemberg recaptured from the Russians by the German forces (see Sept. 2)
June 23. Mueller, a German spy, shot at the Tower.
June 26. German submarine reported to have been sunk by a German mine off Borkum, Holland.
July 1. Leyland liner Armenian torpedoed with loss of further American lives.
July 2. Russian submarine blew up a German battleship of the Deutschland type in the Baltic.
July 3. Air raid on Harwich (according to official German reports). Attempt on the life of J. Pierpoint Morgan, by a pro-German assassin named Holt.
July 6. Holt, the assailant of Mr. J.P. Morgan, committed suicide by leaping from his cell to the courtyard below.
July 11. German cruiser Koenigsberg completely wrecked by British monitors in German East Africa.
July 18. Italian cruiser Giuseppe Garibaldi torpedoed and sunk. Most of the crew saved.
July 20. Coal strike in South Wales settled.
July 25. American steamer Leelanaw sunk by German submarine
July 26. British submarine sank a German destroyer near the German coast.
July 31. British submarine in Sea of Marmora, torpedoed large steamer of 3,000 tons, a small steamer and a gunboat. Great damage also done to railway, and three truck loads of ammunition were blown up.
Aug 1. Germans occupied Lublin and Cholm.
Aug 4. Intercession services at St. Paul’s and throughout the British Empire on the occasion of the anniversary of the outbreak of war.
Aug 5. Germans occupied Warsaw..
Aug 8. British patrol boat Ramsey sunk in North Sea by German cruiser Meteor, which was afterwards blown up by her captain on sighting squadron of British cruisers. Auxiliary cruiser India torpedoed and sunk in North Sea. Turkish gunboat and empty transport sunk in Sea of Marmora by British submarine.
Aug 9. British success near Hooge. 1,200 yards of trenches being captured and 127 prisoners taken. Successful air raid by French on station and factory of Saarbrouck. Turkish battleship Barbarossa sunk by British submarine in Sea of Marmora. Air raid on East Coast-14 killed and 14 injured. One of the Zeppelins destroyed. One of our pilots, Flight-Lieut. R. Lord, killed on landing in the dark. H.M.S. Lynx (destroyer) mined and sunk in the North Sea with the loss of 74 lives out of crew of 100.
Aug 10. Sir Ian Hamilton reported that a fresh landing had been successfully made in Gallipoli and considerable progress effected.
Aug 11. Austrian submarine U12 sunk by Italians with all on board.
Aug 13. Raid on East Coast by two Zeppelins, one of which was probably damaged by our anti-aircraft. Six killed and 20 injured with considerable damage to property.
Aug 14. Nineteen aeroplanes dropped 108 bombs on German park and depot in Meuse region. British Transport Royal Edward torpedoed and sunk in Aegean Sea with loss of 1,000 lives.
Aug 15. National Register Day. Venice forts bombed by Austrian Airmen.
Aug 16. Cumberland coast towns shelled by German submarines. No material damage done. Russian evacuation of Riga.
Aug 17. Occupation of Kovno by Germans. Air raid on Eastern Counties. Ten killed, 36 injured – all civilians.
Aug 19. White Star liner Arabic torpedoed and sunk with serious loss of life.
Aug 20. Zeppelin brought down by Russian fire and crew made prisoners.
Aug 21. Russian naval success in Baltic. German fleet compelled to retire after heavy loss. German cruiser sunk by British submarine, and three large transports sunk by Russians. Italy declared war on Turkey. Cotton declared absolute contraband.
Aug 22. German destroyer sunk by French off Ostend.
Aug 23. Bombardment of Belgian coast by 40 Ally ships. Coast gun put out of action, harbour works damaged, and submarine base shelled. Germans captured Polish fortresses Ossoviecs and Tykotsin.
Aug 26. German submarine sunk by British aviator off Ostend.
Aug 30. Pégoud, famous French aviator shot dead by German airman in duel at height of 6,000 feet.
Sept 3. Fall of Grodno, the last of the great border fortresses of Russia.
Sept 4. Allan liner Hesperian torpedoed without warning off Queenstown, with loss of life.
Sept 6. Czar took personal command of Russian army, the Grand Duke Nicholas being appointed Viceroy in the Caucasus.
Sept 7. Air raid on Eastern Counties – ten killed., 46 wounded and missing. Bombardment of Belgian coast by Allied warships.
Sept 8. Air raid on London 100 casualties. Agreement signed for cession of territory by Turkey to Bulgaria. Zeppelin wrecked at Brussels, two of the crew being killed and others injured.
Sept 9. Russian victories in Galicia and near Grodno with capture of 12,000 prisoners.
Sept 10. United States demanded recall of Austrian Ambassador, Dr. Dumba.
Sept 11. East coast bombed by Zeppelin. No damage and no casualties.
Sept 13. Attack by aeroplane on Kentish coast, one house damaged and four people injured.
Sept 19. Bombardment of Belgian coast by British Fleet. Vilna evacuated by the Russians.
Sept 20. Turco-German submarine sunk in Black Sea.
Sept 21. Man and woman found guilty of espionage in London. The man was sentenced to be shot, and the woman to 10 years’ penal servitude. Bulgarian army mobilised, ostensibly as a measure of “armed neutrality”. French air-bombardment of Stuttgart, the capital of Würtemberg. War Budget introduced in House of Commons, involving many new duties and changes in postal and telegraph rates.
Sept 23. Mobilisation of Greek Army. Russians re-captured Vileika and Luck, taking 5,000 prisoners.
Sept 25. Important advance commenced by the Allies in the west with capture of 20,000 prisoners. Important British victory in Mesopotamia, Turks being completely routed with heavy losses.
Sept 28. Italian battleship Benedetta Brin sunk by accidental explosion in Brindisi harbour, with great loss of life.
Oct. 5.- Allied troops landed at Salonica.
Oct. 6.- Resignation of M. Venezelos, the Greek Premier.
Oct. 7.- Germans crossed Danube into Serbia.
Oct. 8.- Capture of Belgrade by Austro-Germans.
Oct. 9.- Further British gains announced by Sir John French.
Oct 11.- Russian victory on the Sereth with capture of 2,000 prisoners. Bulgaria commenced attack on Serbia.
Oct. 12 .- French Prime Minister announced decision of Allies to adopt measures in aid of Serbia.
Oct. 13.- Air raid on London; 56 killed, 114 injured. Execution of Miss Edith Cavell by Germans at Brussels on a charge of harbouring fugitive British and French soldiers.
Oct. 15.- Great Britain declared war on Bulgaria. Sir C.C. Monro appointed commander-in-chief at the Dardanelles. Sir Edward Carson resigned his position in the Cabinet owing to dissatisfaction with policy in Near East.
Oct. 16.- France declared war on Bulgaria. Official announcement of recent hauls of 24 German trawlers by British in North Sea. Blockade declared of Bulgarian coast in the Aegean. British submarine sunk five German transports in Baltic.
Oct.19.- Italy declared war on Bulgaria.
Oct. 21.- Bulgarian coast in Aegean bombarded by allied fleet, while Russians bombarded Varna in the Black Sea.
Oct. 23.-German cruiser sunk by British submarine near Libau. Capture of Uskub by Bulgarians.
Oct. 26.- British transport Marquetta torpedoed in Aegean with loss of 99 lives.
Oct. 28.- H.M auxiliary minesweeper Hythe sunk in collision off Gallipoli, 155 lives lost.
Oct. 29.- German offensive movement in Champagne repelled with enormous loss, Germans only succeeding in regaining one position, the Butte de Tahure. Accident to the King in France.
Nov 4.- Lord Kitchener started on mission to the near East. Mr. Asquith taking charge of War Office. Resignation of Greek Ministry.
Nov. 5.- British armed boarding steamer Tara sunk in eastern Mediterranean with loss of 34 of the crew.
Nov. 6.- Raid on Globe newspaper for false report as to Lord Kitchener. Fall of NIsh.
Nov. 7.- German cruiser Undine sunk by British submarine.
Nov. 10.- Italian emigrant ship Ancona sunk by German submarine with loss of over 200 lives, including many women and children. British transport Mercian attacked by gunfire from submarine with loss of life. British torpedo boat destroyer Louis run aground and wrecked in Mediterranean. No lives lost.
Nov. 12.- Resignation of Mr. Winston Churchill. Italian steamer Bosnia sunk by German submarine.
Nov. 13.- Austrian air-raid on Verona-78 killed and injured. Submarine E.20 reported sunk in the Sea of Marmora.
Nov. 16.- British hospital ship Anglia sunk in the channel by a mine, with loss of over seventy lives.
Nov. 17.- Allied war council in Paris. Germany’s latest Zeppelin Z18 destroyed by explosion in Schleswig Holstein.
Nov. 20.- Lord Kitchener had interview with King Constantine at Athens.
Nov. 23.- Allies presented note to Greece demanding freedom of movement for Allied forces.
Nov. 28.- German submarine sunk by British airman.
Nov. 29.- Kaiser visited Emperor of Austria at Vienna.
Nov. 30.- Bombardment of Belgian coast by British squadron. Lord Kitchener returned to London from the Near East. British reverse in Mesopotamia and enforced retreat from Ctesiphon.
Dec.3.- Fall of Monastir. British submarine torpedoed and sank Turkish destroyer Yar Hissar in Sea of Marmora and next day sank a supply steamer of 3,000 tons and four sailing vessels.
Dec. 10- Two Turkish gun boats sunk by Russian Fleet in Black Sea. Withdrawal of Allied troops to Salonica, New note presented to Greece.
Dec. 11.- American note to Austria as to the sinking of the Ancona. Bulgarians occupied Ghevgeli.
Dec. 12.- Close of Lord Derby’s recruiting campaign.
Dec. 14.- Two more Zeppelins reported to have been destroyed. General Smith-Dorriett announced to be in supreme command in East Africa.
Dec. 15.- General Sir Douglas Haig appointed to succeed Sir John French in command of the Army in France and Flanders.
Dec. 17.- German cruiser Bremen and a torpedo boat sunk by British submarines in the Baltic.
Dec. 18. German munition factory destroyed at Haifa in Syria by French cruiser.
Dec. 20.- Evacuation officially announced at Suvla and Anzac.
Dec. 24.- French liner Ville de la Ciotat torpedoed by German submarine without warning. Eighty lives lost.
Dec. 27.- Departure of Indian troops from France for service elsewhere.
Jan 1.–British force occupied Jaunde in the Cameroons, West Africa.
Jan. 7.–British success on Tigris with capture of Turkish prisoners.
Jan. 8.–H.M.S. King Edward VII struck a mine and sank. Ship’s company taken off without loss of life. Withdrawal of the last of the Allied troops in Gallipoli.
Jan. 11.–French force landed at Corfu and occupied the Kaiser’s Villa.
Jan. 17.–Surrender of Montenegro to central powers. General Sarrail assumed supreme command of Franco-British forces at Salonica.
Jan. 23.–Hostile aeroplane attacks on east coast of Kent in the early morning and shortly after noon. In the first attack one man was killed and six people injured.
Jan. 24.–German sea-plane passed over Dover and was driven off by British machines.
Jan. 29.–Zeppelin raid on Paris –over 50 victims. Germans occupied village of Frise in France, and claimed to have taken 900 prisoners.
Jan. 31.–Air raid on Midland and Eastern Counties; 220 bombs dropped in Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Staffordshire, Norfolk and Suffolk.
Feb. 1.–British liner Appam arrived at Norfolk, Virginia, in charge of a German crew, the vessel having been captured by German submarines.
Feb. 2.–Zeppelin wrecked in the North Sea.
Feb. 9.–Air raid by two seaplanes over Ramsgate and Broadstairs. Two women and one child injured.
Feb. 16.–Fall of Erzerum, the capital of Armenia, a Turkish army corps being put to flight by the Russians.
Feb. 18.–Conquest of German Cameroon completed.
Feb. 20.–Raids by German seaplanes at Lowestoft and Walmer, four casualties.
Feb. 21.–Commencement of great German offensive against Verdun.
Feb. 22.–British steamer Westburn captured by Germans, blown up in Spanish waters near Tenerife.
Feb. 26.–French transport Provence II sunk in central Mediterranean with loss of over 900 men.
March 1.– Germany commenced new submarine campaign of torpedoing all neutral ships. Raid by seaplane on S.E. coast town-one baby killed. The raider was wrecked on returning, one aviator being drowned and the other taken prisoner.
March 2.–Capture of Bitlis by Russians.
March 6.–Air raid on Yorkshire, Lincolnshire and several other counties by 3 Zeppelins; 12 killed, 33 injured.
March 16.–Dutch steamer Tubantia torpedoed 60 miles east of Harwich. Resignation of Admiral von Tirpitz.
March 18.—Dutch vessel Palembang torpedoed in North Sea.
March 19.—Four German seaplanes dropped bombs over East Kent, causing 40 casualties. One raider was brought down by Flight Commander Bone. French torpedo boat Renaudin sunk in Adriatic by submarine.
March 20.—Great air raid on Zeebrugge and Houltade by British, French and Belgian aircraft. Considerable damage being done.
March 21.—Liner Minneapolis torpedoed in Mediterranean. Eleven lives lost.
March 24.—British Channel steamer Sussex sunk with loss of life
March 25.—British sea and air raid on coast of Schleswig-Holstein. Zeppelin sheds being bombed and two enemy patrol boats sunk. Three of our seaplanes missing.
March 31, April 1 and April 2.—Three successive air raids on Great Britain. On March 31 one Zeppelin, L15, was brought down in the Thames estuary. Crew rescued and taken prisoners.
April 10.–Kionga, German East Africa, occupied by Portuguese troops.
April 17.—Capture of Trebizond by the Russians.
April 21.–German attempt to land arms on the west coast of Ireland. The vessel was sunk, and Sir Edgar Casement and others were taken prisoner.
April 24.–Seinn Feiners took possession of Dublin Post Office and occupied other parts of the city. British bombarded Zeebrugge, causing enormous damage.
April 25.–German cruiser squadron bombarded Lowestoft and Yarmouth shelling the towns for about twenty minutes, and then retired, chased by British cruisers and destroyers.
April 27.–H.M.S. Russell struck a mine in Mediterranean and sank with loss of 124 lives. German submarine sunk off East Coast. Officers and crew made prisoners. Surrender of General Townshend at Kut [on the River Tigris] after a siege of 143 days. [See WIkipedia for a description of one of the worst disasters suffered by the British army.]
May 2.–Eastern Coasts of England and Scotland raided by Zeppelins. One Zeppelin was injured and became a total wreck off Norway.
May 3.–Order restored in Ireland. Three of the rebel leaders shot. Resignation of Mr. Birrell, Chief Secretary for Ireland.
May 31.– Great Naval battle off coast of Jutland with heavy losses British and German. British ships sunk included Queen Mary, Invincible, Indefatigable, Defence and Black Prince. Germans lost two battleships, two Dreadnought battle cruisers, three light cruisers, at least nine destroyers and a submarine, and possibly two Zeppelins.
June 3.–Great Russian offensive on Austrian front, 13,000 Austrian prisoners taken.
June 5.–H.M.S. Hampshire mined west of the Orkneys with Lord Kitchener and staff on board, all of whom perished.
June 6.–Luck captured by Russians.
June 10.–Russians captured Dubno.
June 13.–Russians occupied Zalecryki.
June 17.–Czernovitz captured by Russians.
June 21.–Grand Sheeref of Mecca proclaimed “Arabia’s independence of Turks and in favour of the Entente Powers.
June 24.–Italian successes in Trentino, where Austrians were driven back along the whole line.
July 1.–Combined British and French offensive commenced on a 20-mile front.
July 7.–Tanga German E. Africa occupied by General Smuts
July 10.–Capture by British of whole of enemy’s front line on a front of 14,000 yards.
July 11.–Seaham harbour bombarded by German submarine. One woman killed.
July 12.–German submarine arrived in America with cargo of dye-stuffs and mails.
July 14.–Successful attack by British on German second line.
July 15.–Erzingan, capital of Western Armenia, taken by the Russians.
July 26.–Pozieres captured by British.
July 27.–Captain Fryatt, of the s.s.Brussels, murderously shot by German Military Authorities at Bruges.
July 31.–Daring attack by British airman on Zeppelin off east coast. Zeppelin was hit by fire of airman, who however, was stunned by accident to his gun.
Aug 1.–Great raid by six or seven Zeppelins, but no casualties were caused.
Aug 3.–Fleury recaptured by the French. Zeppelin raid, 80 bombs dropped, damage slight and casualties nil. One Zeppelin hit. Roger Casement executed at Pentonville.
Aug 4.–Rout of Turks by British troops on Suez Canal, with capture of over 2,500 prisoners. British captured 2,000 yards main second-line German trenches.
Aug 9.–Zeppelin raid on east and north east coasts with 23 casualties. Italians captured Gorizia, taking 10,000 prisoners and much booty.
Aug 12.–Two German sea planes dropped bombs at Dover slightly wounding an officer and six men. Russians occupy Stanislas.
Aug 15.–H.M.the King returned to England after a week spent in the western front.
Aug. 18.–British air raid in Bruges district, with successful results, on enemy ammunition stores.
Aug. 19.–German battleship torpedoed twice by British submarine E23 and believed to have been sunk in North Sea.
Aug 21.–Announcement made that Italian and Russian forces had landed in Salonica. Major Baird in House of Commons stated that up to date 35 Zeppelins had been accounted for by the allies.
Aug. 25.–Attack on Namur airsheds by two British naval aeroplanes with successful results, but with the loss of one British machine.
Aug. 27.–Italy formally declared war on Germany.
Aug. 28.–Rumania declared war on Austro-Hungary.
Sept. 2.–Raid by 13 Zeppelins on Eastern Counties and Metropolitan area. Two people killed. One Zeppelin destroyed by gunfire, falling in flames near Enfield. New British offensive north of Somme with capture of 2,800 prisoners.
Sept. 11.–Belgians occupied Tabors, East Africa.
Sept. 14.–Roumanian reverse on the Dobrudja. Bulgarian of 28,000 prisoners.
Sept. 16.–British advance of two miles on Somme front with capture of 4,000 prisoners. New Greek Cabinet, with M. Calogeropoulos as Premier.
Sept. 23.–Air raid by 12 German airships, 28 killed and about 100 injured. One airship brought down in Essex and crew of 22 taken prisoners after they had destroyed their machine. French air raids on Essen and on many important enemy positions.
Sept. 25.–Allies capture Combles and Thienval, with some 4,000 prisoners and much booty.
Oct 1.–Zeppelin raid by eight airships over Eastern counties, one person killed and one injured. One airship was brought down in flames in North London district.
Oct. 7.–Rumanian retreat in Transylvania. British capture Le Sars.
Oct. 8.–Germans commenced submarine campaign off coast of United States.
Oct. 10.–New advance by French with capture of over 1,700 prisoners.
Oct. 11.–Italian victory on the Carso with capture of over 6,000 Austrian prisoners. Allies’ ultimatum to Greece, whose fleet was requisitioned and conceded.
Oct. 21.–Assassination of Austrian Premier, Count Sturgkh. German light cruiser crippled by British torpedo in North Sea. British success on the Somme with capture of over 1,000 prisoners.
Oct. 22.–Air-raid at Sheerness by German seaplane, which was destroyed shortly after by British naval aircraft.
Oct. 23.–Fall of Constanza, the chief Rumanian port on the Black Sea.
Oct. 24.–French success at Verdun. Capture of Douaumont with over 1,000 prisoners.
Oct. 25.–Germans captured Czernavoda and Danube bridgehead from Rumanians. Attack on British transports by ten German destroyers in the Channel. One empty transport sunk. Enemy lost two destroyers. British lost one torpedo boat and another was disabled.
Nov. 2.–Italian success south of Gorizia with capture of over 5,000 prisoners. Fort Vaux captured by French.
Nov. 4.—Proclamation by the Central Powers of an independent State of Poland, with a constitution and hereditary monarchy. French occupied Vaux village and Damloup.
Nov.6.–P.and O. liner Arabia torpedoed in Mediterranean without warning. Passengers 437, all saved. Two of crew missing.
Nov. 8.–French occupied villages of Ablaincourt and Pressoir on Somme.
Nov. 11.–Serbians captured Polog village, enemy suffering enormous losses.
Nov.12.–French regained whole of Saillissel, inflicting heavy loss and taking prisoners. Capture of Iven village by Serbians with severe Bulgarian losses.
Nov.13.–British captured Beaumont Hamel and St. Pierre Divion villages, taking some thousands of German prisoners.
Nov.21.–Germans took Craiova the capital of Western Rumania. Death of the Emperor of Austria. Hospital ship Britannic torpedoed in Aegean sea with loss of 32 lives.
Nov.23.–Six German destroyers made futile attack on coast near Ramsgate.
Nov.24.–Hospital ship Braemar Castle sunk in Aegean Sea, all lives saved. Venezelist declared war on Bulgaria and Germany.
Nov.26.–Germans attacked and sank armed trawler off Lowestoft, capturing the crew.
Nov.27.–Raid by a number of hostile airships on north east coast. Two were brought down in flames into the sea.
Nov.28.–German aeroplane dropped six bombs on London at midday. Four people injured.
Nov.29.–Capture of Camulung, near Buckarest (sic) by the Germans.
Dec.1.–Board of Trade took over all of the South Wales and Monmouthshire collieries (sic).
Dec.3.–Island of Madeira shelled by German submarine.
Dec.5.–Resignation of Mr. Asquith.
Dec.6.–Fall of Bucarest, capital of Roumania. Mr. Lloyd George appointed Prime Minister.
Dec.12.–Peace overtures by Germany in the form of a note to the Entente Powers offering negotiations on the basis of the status in quo except for the establishment of independent kingdoms in Poland and Lithuania.
Dec.15.–French victory before Verdun with capture of over 11,000 prisoners.
Dec.19.–Mr. Lloyd George enunciated scheme of national war work.
Jan 12.–New British War Loan prospectus issued.
Jan 19.–Explosion at Munition Works in East London with serious loss of life.
Jan 22.–Naval encounters off the Dutch coast. A division of 22 German destroyers were put to flight, one being sunk. In a further engagement in the same region, one of our destroyers was struck by torpedo and sunk with loss of 47 lives. According to Dutch reports at least seven German ships were sunk during the actions.
Note: There are no entries for this missing period.
Feb. 25.—Capture of Kut by British with over 1,700 Turkish prisoners.
Feb. 26.—Third British war loan figures announced amounting to over £1,000,000,000. Cunard liner Laconia torpedoed with loss of life, including three American subjects.
Feb. 27.—British successes on Ancre, near Bapaume with capture of several villages.
Mar. 1.—British destroyer lost by mine in North Sea with all hands.
March 10.—Capture of Irles near Bapaume.
March 11.—Capture of Baghdad by the British.
March 15.—Abdication of the Czar of Russia.
March 16.—Zeppelin raid on South Eastern Counties with insignificant damage and no casualties. Capture of Bapaume by the British.
March 17.—Capture of Peronne by British, together with numerous villages. Zeppelin L39 brought down in flames by the French at Compiegnes. Enemy destroyers shelled Ramsgate at midnight, and at the same time destroyers attacked and sank one of our destroyers eat of Dover straits, only eight of the crew rescued. Three American vessels sunk by German submarines without warning.
March 18.—German raid on Kentish coast.
March 19.—Union Castle liner Alnwick Castle torpedoed without warning in Atlantic—13 deaths from exposure. Small damage and no casualties.
March 20.—British Hospital Ship Asturias torpedoed without warning with loss of 82 lives.
March 27.—U.S. armed liner St. Louis arrived in Liverpool. British victory over Turks near Gaza in Palestine, with capture of 900 prisoners.
April 2.—United States declared war on Germany. Russian and British forces met in Mesopotamia.
April 3.—Russian reverse on the Stockhod with capture by the Germans of over 9,000 prisoners.
April 5.—Aeroplane raid on Kent, no casualties or damage.
April 9.—British offensive commenced on wide front between Arras and Lens with great gains and capture of over 9,000 prisoners. Austria severed relations with America.
April 14.—Allied air squadron bombarded Freiburg as reprisal for the German attacks on hospital ships.
April 16.—Great French offensive commenced on the Aisne with capture of 10,000 prisoners.
April 17.—Two more British hospital ships torpedoed with serious loss of life which included German wounded prisoners.
April 20.—Raid by five German destroyers off Dover. Two of the enemy ships were sunk by British ships and the remainder made off at high speed.
April 21.—British airship destroyed by German aviators at Dover Straits.
April 28.—New British offensive successfully commenced on six-mile front east of Vimy Ridge. Guatemala broke off relations with Germany. United States passed Conscription Bill.
May 1.—Craonne Ridge taken by French. Over 8,000 German prisoners captured.
May 7.—Four bombs dropped on N.E. London by German aeroplane. One civilian killed and his wife seriously injured.
May10.—Eleven German destroyers chased back to Zeebrugge by Harwich scouting force.
May 12.—Further British advance near Bullecourt—70 prisoners taken. Zeebrugge bombarded for five hours by sea and also from the air.
May 14.—Zeppelin L22 destroyed in North Sea by British naval force. Italian offensive successfully begins with capture of 4,000 prisoners.
May 16.—Arrival reported of United States destroyer flotilla.
May 24.—Four hostile airships over eastern counties. One man killed by bombs dropped on country districts.
May 25.—Daylight air raid in the evening by 16 hostile airships of Folkestone and elsewhere in Kent. 16 were killed and 174 injured.
June 4.—German destroyer sunk and another badly damaged by British light cruisers.
June 5.—Daylight air raid on Essex and Kent. 31 casualties. Two enemy machines brought down.
June 7.—New British offensive on (illegible) front in Flanders successfully commenced.
June 12.—Abdication of King Constantine of Greece in favour of Prince Alexander.
June13.- Great air raid on East London – 97 killed, 439 injured.
June 14.—Zeppelin L45 brought down in North Sea.
June 23.—P. and O. liner Mongolia sunk by mine off Bombay.
June 26.—First contingents of American troops arrived in France.
July 1.—Russian offensive resumed with capture of Koniuchy in Galicia and 10,000 German, Austrian, and Turkish prisoners.
July 4.—Daylight air raid on Harwich. Eight persons killed, 22 injured.
July 7.—Air attack on London with 178 casualties. Four raiders out of 20 brought down. German towns bombed by 84 Allied aeroplanes. Many tons of explosive dropped on Treves, Essen, Coblenz, Mannheim and elsewhere.
July 8.—Further Russian advance in Galicia with capture of 7,000 more prisoners and war material.
July 9.—British naval airmen attacked the German Fleet off Constantinople with success and returned safely.
July 10.—Russians re-captured Halicz, taking prisoners and 30 guns.
July 11.—British reverse in Belgium, where enemy penetrated our positions near the Yser on a front of 1,400 yards.
July 12.—Bethmann Holweg superseded by Dr. Michaelis as German Chancellor.
July 16.—Germans re-took Kalusz from Russians.
July 18.—Royal House changed to the title of Windsor.
July 22.—Air raid on Harwich and Felixstowe, 13 killed, 24 injured.
July 29.—Germans, having driven Russian troops out of Galicia, commenced to enter Russian territory.
July 31.—British offensive successfully started in Flanders.
Aug. 2.—China declares war on Germany and Austria.
Aug. 12.—Daylight air raid on Southend killing a number of people on the way to church and railway station.
Aug. 20.—Successful French offensive at Verdun. Italian offensive commenced on a wide front with capture of many prisoners.
Aug. 21.—Attempted Zeppelin raid off Yorkshire coast. One man injured and only slight damage done. The airship was driven off before it could accomplish its full purpose.
Aug. 22.—Ten aeroplanes attacked Kentish coast, inflicting casualties on 24 victims. Three enemy machines were brought down.
Sept. 1.—British light forces destroyed four enemy mine sweepers off Jutland.
Sept. 3.—Food Controller’s order regulating meat prices came into force. Riga evacuated by the Russians. Air-raid on naval barracks near Chatham, 107 killed and 86 injured.
Sept. 4.—Air raid at midnight on London district. Mt. St. Gabriele captured by Italians.
Sept 5.—German submarine fired 30 rounds off Scarborough, killing three people and injuring five. 40 bombs dropped by hostile aircraft in London district—11 killed.
Sept 24.—Air raid on London—15 killed, 70 injured.
Sept. 25.—Twenty casualties from bombs dropped on east London by hostile aeroplane.
Sept. 26.– British advance on 6-mile front near Ypres with successful capture of all objectives and over a thousand prisoners.
Sept. 29.—British victory at Ramadie, Mesopotamia, with capture of Turkish force.
Oct. 2.—H.M.S. Drake torpedoed with loss of 19 lives.
Oct. 4.—Great British victory on Passchendaele’s ridge with capture of many prisoners and much material.
Oct. 9.—Further British advance E. and N.E. of Ypres, with capture of Peolcappelle and over 2,000 prisoners.
Oct. 16.—Reval evacuated by the Russians.
Oct. 19.—Zeppelin raid on London and eastern counties—27 killed and 53 injured.
Oct. 26.—German-Austrian offensive commenced against Italians, who retired surrendering 100,000 prisoners.
Oct. 30.—Udine in north Italy captured by Germans.
Oct. 31.—Air raid on Kent and London by 30 machines, 8 killed, 24 injured.
Nov. 1.—British captured Beersheba in Palestine.
Nov. 2.—Germans abandon Chemin des Dames. German auxiliary cruiser and 10 patrol boats sunk in the Cattegat, by British naval forces.
Nov. 6.—British captured Passchendaele.
Nov. 6.—British troops in Palestine captured Gaza.
Nov. 20.—Successful British advance near Cambrai, with capture of over 8,000 prisoners and much war booty. British line subsequently withdrawn back in consequence of enemy pressure.
Nov. 22.—Disastrous explosion in a German munition factory near Frankfurt, 54 acres of buildings being blown up.
Nov 24.—Bolshevik proposals to Germany for separate peace with Russia.
Dec. 4.—Conquest of German East Africa completed—50,000 square miles of territory.
Dec. 5.—Air raid on London and district by 25 aeroplanes—two raiders brought down.
DEC. 6.—Munition ship blown up at Halifax, Nova Scotia, with heavy loss of life and great destruction of property.
Dec. 8.–Surrender of Jerusalem to British troops.
Dec. 18.—Air raid on London district, Kent and Essex—10 killed and 25 injured—one raider hit and came down in sea.
Dec. 19.—Explosion at Krupp’s Factory in Essex.
Dec. 21.—Three British torpedo boats missed or torpedoed off Dutch coast—133 lives lost.
Dec.24.—British air raid on Mannheim on the Rhine with very successful result. One of our machines was lost.
Dec. 26.—Peerage conferred on Sir John Jellicoe.
Note: There are no more entries after this date, presumably because the paper was reduced to six pages and didn’t have the room.