Will of Mary Ann Sanford 1792-1873

Who funded the building of the Rebow Rd Almshouses

John Foster and Frances Belsham

Wills are generally written without any punctuation or abbreviations. There is often alternative spelling of some words and using upper case letters which do not always mean the start of a new sentence. Neither are they divided into paragraphs but are continuous lines of writing This can make documents difficult to read or understand.

This post shows the Will exactly as it was written with no attempt to break it down into paragraphs. Done in this way it shows exactly how the original document is written. As the documents are sometimes very large each line of writing in the document sometimes takes up two lines when it is transcribed in to the web site.



Transcript of will of Mary Ann Sanford of Wivenhoe
Date of will: 12th September 1872


Testatrix: Mary Ann Sanford


John Felgate: farmer in Fingringhoe


Kezia Hines: sister of testatrix


George Sach: bailiff to Keziah Hines


(unnamed) Bacon: wife of Thomas Bacon of Thorrington


Harriet Adelaide Wire: wife of Thomas


James Harvey Wire


Edward Benjamin Sanford: father of two sons


Elizabeth Cooper: nee Elizabeth Death


Eliza Cooper: daughter of Elizabeth Cooper’s husband


Thomas Sanford: late brother of testatrix


Samuel Nathaniel Squire: executor


Henry Wittey: executor



This is the last Will and Testament of me Mary Ann
Sanford of Wivenhoe in the County of Essex Spinster and I
revoke all former Wills by me made I appoint my friend

Samuel Nathaniel Squire of Wivenhoe aforesaid Surgeon and
Henry Wittey of Colchester in the said County of Essex
Gentleman Executors hereof and I direct that the said

Samuel Nathaniel Squire shall be allowed and be paid
for all journeys and loss of time in and about the
executorship of this my Will I also direct that notwithstanding

the said Henry Wittey accepting the office of Executor and
his acting in the execution hereof he shall be entitled to
make the same professional charges and to receive the same
pecuniary remuneration for all business done by him and
all attendances time and trouble given or bestowed by him
in or about the execution of the trusts hereof which if employed
as Solicitor or Agent by the Executors hereof and not being
himself an Executor he would be entitled to make I give
and devise unto John Felgate of Fingringhoe in the said
County of Essex Farmer and to his heirs All that my messuage
farm lands and premises situate at Fingringhoe aforesaid
and now in his own occupation I give and devise all the
residue of my real estate whatsoever and wheresoever unto
my dear Sister Keziah Hines and her heirs I devise unto
the said Samuel Nathaniel Squire and Henry Wittey and
their heirs All estates vested in me as trustee or mortgagee
Subject to the trusts and equities affecting the same


respectively I bequeath the following charitable legacies
namely To the Essex and Colchester Hospital the sum of Five
hundred pounds To the Asylum for Idiots and Imbeciles
at Colchester called Essex Hall the sum of Five hundred
pounds To the British and Foreign Bible Society the sum of
Five hundred pounds To the Shipwrecked Mariners Society the
sum of Five hundred pounds To the Royal Hospital for
Incurables at West Hill Putney Heath the sum of Three
hundred pounds and to the Congregational Pastor’s retiring
Fund London the sum of Five hundred pounds And I direct
that the said Charitable legacies be paid exclusively out
of such part of my personal estate as may lawfully be
appropriated to such purposes And that the receipt of the
respective Treasurers for the time being of the said several
societies shall be a sufficient discharge to my Executors for
the said Charitable legacies respectively I bequeath to my said
Sister Keziah Hines the sum of Five hundred pounds To George
Sach my said Sister’s Bailiff the sum of Two hundred pounds
To —– Bacon the Wife of Thomas Bacon now or late
of Thorrington the sum of One hundred pounds To Harriet
Adelaide Wire the Wife of Thomas James Harvey Wire the
sum of One hundred pounds To the two Sons of Edward
Benjamin Sanford the sum of One hundred pounds each To
Elizabeth Cooper (late Elizabeth Death Spinster) who
formerly resided with me the sum of Fifty pounds to Eliza
Cooper (the Daughter of the said Elizabeth Cooper’s husband)
in case she is resident with me at the time of my decease
the sum of Twenty pounds And I bequeath the sum of
Five hundred pounds to my said Executors Upon trust that
they shall within twelve months after my decease invest the
same upon Government stock of the United Kingdom in
the names of the Trustees of the Independent Chapel at
Wivenhoe some years since erected by my late Brother Thomas
Sanford And I direct that the dividends arising there from
shall be received by the said trustees and applied by them
from time to time towards keepng in repair the said
Chapel and premises connected therewith and in payment
of the expenses incident to its being kept open as a place of
public worship but not towards the support or for the benefit
of any Minister of the same I direct the legacies of such of
the pecuniary legatees as at the time of the actual payment
thereof respectively shall be married women to be paid into
their respective proper hands in order that the same may
be enjoyed and disposed of as their separate property free
from marital control for which legacies their respective
receipts shall be discharges I direct that the legacies
herein before bequeathed by me to the aforesaid Societies and
Institutions shall be severally paid free from legacy duty I
bequeath the sum of Nineteen pounds nineteen shillings to
each of my said Executors for his own use Lastly I bequeath
the residue of my personal estate to my said Sister Kezia
Hines for her own use  Dated the twelfth day of September


Signed by the said Testatrix in our own presence
we being both present at the same time and in          M A Sanford

her and each others presence have hereunto set our
names as Witnesses


Willm Franks Baker Wivenhoe

Chas E Denton Clerk to W Wittey


This page was added on 03/08/2020.

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